The effects of skin tone in the lives of african americans
These findings consistently indicated that light skin tone resulted in clear social and economic advantages. Theoretical framework: African American masculinity and desires to belong Although past studies have contributed to understanding skin tone influences on African Americans, they have overlooked the unique ways that skin tone may have affected African American masculinity.
Culturally, since African American masculinity has a collectivistic construction, light-skinned boys may have felt threatened, and, thus, motivated to overcompensate for their feelings of physical dissimilarity from their racial in-group.
Sub-population survey linear regressions were used for our multivariable analyses.
How does colorism affect the african american community
Socioeconomic Status SES. Not too often; 4. Their study showed that darker skin color influences self-rated health primarily by increasing exposure to class discrimination and low socio-economic status [ 41 ]. Descriptive Statistics Table 1 summarizes the descriptive statistics of the participating Caribbean Black youth. This is informed by findings on the collectivistic nature of African American masculinity, suggesting that they will desire to appear more similar to the most respected skin tone group. Thus, skin tone bias can be complex—simultaneously serving as advantageous or disadvantageous depending on the social context. Some college; 4. Light 5. In CAPI, computers were used by trained interviewers to conduct interviews. They concluded, Traditional definitions of masculinity demand men specialize in achievement outside the home, dominate in interpersonal relationships, and remain rational…consistent with gendered characteristics…skin color is important in self-domains that are central to masculinity i. Dark brown; 3. Somewhat better; 3. NSAL interviewer-rated skin tone 7-point scale z-scores were as follows: 1.
Interviewer-rated skin tone was used for the main appraisal analyses, consistent with previous skin tone studies e. Somewhat better; 3.
This information leaked after a dark-skinned African American actor, who was rejected for the job, stated that the company feared that clients would feel threatened by his presence in the commercial.
Though the EDS was originally developed and normed among adults, it has shown good psychometric properties for adolescents as well [ 174357 ]. Overall, results of those studies were variable; although light skin tone may have been idealized, medium-skinned persons may have been more protected in their identity and attachment to African Americans.
We reported frequencies, means, as well as Pearson correlation r values.
Colorism facts and statistics
Demographic factors age and gender , socioeconomic status SES; family income, income to needs ratio, and subjective SES , skin tone, and perceived everyday discrimination were measured. In the DAS, trained interviewers were members of the tri-county Detroit community, and, for the most part, trained interviewers in the NSAL were also drawn from local communities. This measure is designed to assess chronic, routine, and less overt discriminatory experiences that occurred during the past year [ 56 ]. His findings suggested that intra-racial health differences related to skin tone and discrimination may even exceed disparities between Blacks and Whites [ 42 ]. Light-skinned men perceived the least out-group discrimination while dark-skinned men perceived the most out-group discrimination. Hunter, , it is possible that African American men could be affected by skin tone bias in ways that are not yet clearly understood. The study included demographic factors including age and gender. Perceived discrimination also increases the likelihood of engaging in high-risk behaviors such as suicide [ 25 ], smoking [ 26 ], drinking [ 27 ], and drug use [ 5 , 28 , 29 ]. Empirical studies on skin tone usually include only one of the following measures: interviewer-rated skin tone, reflectance meter recordings of skin tone, or self-rated skin tone. In this paper, we explored this possibility for men in their perceptions of skin tone discrimination from both within and outside of their racial group. Later research suggested that African Americans usually preferred skin tones that were similar to their own shade Hall, while other studies indicated that they strongly preferred lighter skin tones regardless of their own shade Porter, Results 3. In contrast, those with skin tones on the extreme ends of the spectrum i. Although they concluded that self-esteem was unrelated to skin tone for men, Thompson and Keith could not examine self-reported skin tone relationships; this measure was not included in the NSBA.
based on 119 review